Bee Waggle Dance
Foraging or scouting bees (on average 5-25% of foragers who are the oldest and most experienced, while some are receivers waiting for a scout signal) communicate with the remaining receptors via a mechanism known as bee chorea, which is employed in beekeeping and ethology. The colony’s food source, from which the nectar and pollen needed to make honey can be collected, and its distance and direction. Along with the wings, they produce a certain sound during these Waggle Dances, which helps to indicate the position you wish to convey. The dancer maintains contact with the recipients. These longer-lasting, more animated honeycomb dances signal to plants both those that stop producing and those that start to do so how abundant and sugar-rich the nectar is. Bees are currently dormant, thus a fly is looking for this meal. Colonies are capable of adapting and efficiently locating accessible food sources because to these communication mechanisms.
We are indebted to Austrian biologist Carl von Frisch (1886–1982) for describing what he refers to as the “language of bees” and the comprehension of “Waggle Dance ” in his book Life and Manners of Bees. Bees. In 1986, his theory—which had been reinforced by the work of his student Martin Lintawer—was proven by a tiny robot that could imitate the bees’ dance. It takes place between August and September.
Human observers were able to determine the location and orientation of the food source from the honeybees’ dances. Foragers dance as if the food source is far away as they collect food in a short, tight tunnel. And if they shake a lot, there is a lot of food there.
Honey bees that waggle dance make vibratory movements that could help with communication by letting other bees know where the waggle dancer is. However, the comb has never before shown a significant part of these vibrations. In 2000, Nieh and Tautz created a technique for fine-scale behavioral analysis that allowed them to examine the vibrations of combs caused by a honey bee dancer during the waggle and return phases of her dance individually. This investigation showed that the waggle phase experienced much higher-amplitude 200–300 Hz vibrations than the return phase. They discovered no appreciable variations in the adjacent frequency ranges between 100 and 200 Hz and 300 and 400 Hz. With a mean frequency of 244 Hz, they captured peak waggle phase vibrations between 206 and 292 Hz. Therefore, both sound and substrate vibrations are probably used by the dance followers to pick up cues.
When a scout bee returns to the hive stuffed full of nectar from a freshly discovered nectar source, the recruitment of foragers from the hive starts. She spends the first 30 to 45 seconds regurgitating nectar and doling it out to bees waiting in the hive. Once she’s attracted a crowd with her generosity, the dancing starts.
Bee dances come in two varieties:
- The round dance
- The tail-wagging or waggle dance
A bee performing a miniature recreation of her most recent trip to a patch of flowers is described as “a unique sort of activity. Bees that watch these dances learn the location, orientation, and scents of these flowers, and they can use this knowledge to fly to specific blooms. Because it is isolated in space and time from both the acts it is based on and the behaviors it will guide, the waggle dance is a message that is really symbolic.
Bees that are more than 150 meters away from the hive and foraging at food sources do the waggle dance. In contrast to the circular dance, this dance conveys both distance and direction. When waggle dancing, a bee first travels straight forward for a short distance, then circles back to the beginning place in a semicircle, runs once more through the straight path, and finally makes a semicircle in the other direction to complete a full figure ‘8’ circuit. The bee’s abdomen vigorously wags from side to side as it moves through the dance’s straight line. The tail begins to wag as a result of the abdominal vibration. The bee also makes a buzzing noise at the same time, 250–300 Hz low audio frequency wingbeats.