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Learn about the Anatomy of honey bee

In this article, we will talk about Anatomy of honey bee and its organs. We have already talked about the types of bees. You can access the article from here. You may be interested in it if you are not interested in honey bees in general.

Anatomy of honey bee

anatomy of honey bee

The membrane-winged order of insects, the most diverse in the animal kingdom, includes bees among members. The membrane wings have two pairs, or four, membranous thin transparent wings with transverse and longitudinal veinlets. This order also includes hornets and ants, all of which have social hierarchies.

The bees’ bodies are completely covered in a thick covering, which has dense hairs on every side. Examining a bee’s exterior structure reveals that it has three distinct components, including a head, thorax, and abdomen.

1. Head

anatomy of honey bee

On its head, the bee possesses eyes, mouth, and antennae in Anatomy of honey bee

  • A pair (of 2) of antennas are located in the center of the head. They have joints, and the worker bees and the queen have 12 nodes in each joint, whereas the drones have 13 nodes. The bee employs these delicate hairs on their bodies for hearing, smelling, and distance perception. These hairs may weave honeycombs and have the highest geometrical form even at night because of the perforations that are dispersed throughout them and that were once covered with membranes.


  • On the top of the head are three-pointed eyes. The bee can see clearly thanks to them. Additionally, there are 5000 worker bees and 7000 drones in the honeycomb eyes, which are hexagonal cells on either side of the head. Bees view distant objects 60 times more clearly thanks to these eyes.


  • The tongue, which is made up of roughly 80 knuckles, is the most fascinating component of the bee’s mouth. They take in the nutrients through a deep canal in the center that is lined with tiny hairs. The primary and secondary jaws contribute to the formation of the honeycomb; they are employed to break up and knead wax, separate flower stamen, clean the hive, and neutralize enemies. It cannot sting hornets or harm the skin of grapes or other fruits since its jaw is flat and not caterpillar-like like a hornet’s. Agriculture is not harmed by it. It extracts the delicious juice, if necessary, from the hornets’ sting points. Additionally, the mouth contains glands that secrete royal jelly, which feeds both the mother and the bee larvae. Honey is created from nectar.

2. Bee’s Chest

anatomy of honey bee

In the Anatomy of honey bee, There are three sections: the front, the middle, and the chest. Each piece has six legs, each with a pair. It uses its back legs to store pollen and propolis, its middle legs to rest on the ground, and its front legs to clean its tongue and antennae. The thorax of the bee contains all four of its wings. They have feathers covering them, and their wings are incredibly sturdy. It uses its front wings for flying, and it uses its back wings to guide its flight. Their wings can beat 500 times per second.

3. Belly of the Bee

It has nine knuckles, is placed behind the chest, and has a narrow knuckle. Six of the nine rings are visible on the worker and queen, and seven are visible on the drone. Wax is produced in the last four rings of the abdomen of worker bees’ wax sacs. Stings connected to the venom sac are present in the final ring of the queen and worker bees. This stinger sac is not present in male bees.

This was a simple idea about the most important organs  through the Anatomy of honey bee organs and the function of each one.

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