If you are a beekeeper then you are wondering about the types of bees that you want to obtain.
In this article, we will discuss the types of bees.
The best aspect of raising bees is ordering them and putting them in their hives. It’s much safer and simpler than you might think to hive your bees. Since you don’t need to buy a new colony of bees once your existing hives are established, you don’t often have the chance to do it. Because they are perennial, bees live in the same hive for many generations. You only need to buy and set up a fresh colony of bees when you establish a new hive or lose an existing hive to sickness or famine.
How to Choose the Best Types of Bees You Want. You can pick from a wide variety of honey bee races and hybrids. Every strain has its own benefits and drawbacks. The majority of these varieties are conveniently offered by bee vendors. Shop around to locate what you want because some companies even focus on specific breeds.
The common types of bees are:
Italian (A. m. ligustica):
These honey bees have noticeable dark bands across their yellow-brown bodies. This race’s ancestral home is the Italian Appenine Peninsula. Italian bees create good comb, and the big brood they lay leads to speedy colony expansion.
Carniolan (A. m. carnica):
These bees have broad gray streaks across their dark bodies. They are originated from the Austrian and Yugoslavian Alps. This species has a great propensity to swarm. Carniolans maintain a modest winter colony that only needs a few food rations.
Caucasian (A. m. caucasica):
Bees are primarily gray in color and have a high tolerance for adverse climates. They are natives of the Black Sea-adjacent Caucasian Mountains. The beekeeper faces a sticky difficulty since they utilize a lot of propolis to seal up drafty entrances. Additionally, Caucasian bees have a tendency to steal honey, which might result in a disorganized beeyard.
In the 1990s, USDA researchers were tasked with finding a type of honey bee that was resistant to tracheal and varroa mites. In Russia, they discovered what appeared to be a strain of honey bee that had developed a resistance to the bothersome mites.
The double hybrid bee known as Midnight is a registered trademark of the York Bee Company in Gesup, Georgia. The Midnight bee consumes a lot of propolis, which might make it difficult for the beekeeper to assess a Midnight bee colony. This bee is a cross between the Caucasian and Carniolan racial groups.
Bees are neither economically available nor aesthetically pleasing. It’s a reality in sections of Mexico, South America, and the southern United States, which is why I bring it up here. Without mentioning the infamous Killer Bee, the list of bee races would be incomplete. Because of its aggressive nature, managing this bee might be risky. For further information on this kind of bee, see Chapter 9.
What types of bees is suggested for new beekeepers to start with?
Two of the best types of bees are Russian or Italian. Without a question. They both thrive in a variety of climates and are kind and productive. These bees are excellent for new beekeepers. In your first year, stop looking elsewhere. You might wish to attempt raising your own diverse races and bee hybrids at some point in the upcoming years. Bee breeding involves a lot of work. It’s a science that requires solid biological, entomological, and genetic expertise.